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Santiago Calatrava and Felix Candela [SCEA}


Santiago Calatravais a Spanish architect working in Paris and Zurich who is recognized as one of the world's innovative architects. Trained as a sculptor, an engineer, and an architect, he synthesizes new technologies and new forms in all his projects, including a memorable bridge in Barcelona and train stations in Zurich and Lyon. His work transcends the traditional boundaries between art and architecture as well as between engineering and architecture. Calatrava's projects have won critical acclaim internationally and are widely published both in Europe and in the United States.
© Smithsonian Institution

 

Bach de Roda - Felipe II Bridge

Barcelona, Spain | 1984-1987

"The bridge spans the railway tracks between the main streets 'Bach de Roda' and 'Felipe II', which run from north to south, connecting the sea and the city.

Materials and dimensions:

Double arch and middle section of the road and footpath, steel; lower part of the steel arches, steel and concrete combination; abutments, white concrete; total length 180m, max. span 68m.

The twin arches widen slightly at both ends, increasing structural rigidity and permitting the passage of pedestrians on footpaths to either side. Steps follow the line of the arches on both sides of the railway. The roadway lights are in the middle of the bridge, while the footpath is lit by strip lighting integrated into handrails." [SCEA}

Exterior View

*Milwaukee Art Museum

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*The Milwaukee Art Museum

BCE Place

Toronto, Canada | 1992

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*MAM: The Architecture of Santiago Calatrava

Bibao Airport Terminal

Bibao |

METROPOLITAN BILBAO- NEW TERMINAL AT BILBAO AIRPORT
proyectos

City of Sciences

Valencia |

Valencia City of Arts and Sciences

Lyon-Satolas Airport

Lyon, France | 1994

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*
Lyon-Satolas Airport

Alamillo Bridge and La Cartuja Viaduct

Seville, Spain | 1987-92

* Wikipedia Article

Lyons-Satolas TGV Railway Station

Lyon, France |

Wikipedia Article

Swissbau Concrete Pavillion

Basel, Switzerland | 1989

"My aim in designing the FSB pavillion was to show that, as a building material, concrete can forge a link between building engineering technology and the perfect forms of nature.

The elements display an essential but rather neglected feature of concrete, namely, its capacity for being moulded. In Spanich concrete is called 'hormigon' - which means "mouldable."

Prefabricated elements are the optimal answer to the demand for freedom of design. Top material quality, small tolerances, and the repeated use of moulds ensure economy of production even with difficult shapes." [SCEA}

Books

SCEA
SCCW

References

OED Oxford English Dictionary, Oxford University Press 1971

ARCHITECTURE
AHA A History of Architecture: Settings and Rituals, Spiro Kostof, Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford, 1985
FCG Frederick Clifford Gibson, Architect
FWM1 Frank Lloyd Wright: Monograph 1887-1901, vol. 1, Bruce Brooks Pfeiffer, A.D.A. Edita, Tokyo Co., Ltd, 1985
FWM2 Frank Lloyd Wright: Monograph 1902-1906, vol. 2, Bruce Brooks Pfeiffer, A.D.A. Edita, Tokyo Co., Ltd, 1985
FWM3 Frank Lloyd Wright: Monograph 1907-1913, vol. 3, Bruce Brooks Pfeiffer, A.D.A. Edita, Tokyo Co., Ltd, 1985
FWM4 Frank Lloyd Wright: Monograph 1914-1923, vol. 4, Bruce Brooks Pfeiffer, A.D.A. Edita, Tokyo Co., Ltd, 1985
FWM5 Frank Lloyd Wright: Monograph 1924-1936, vol. 5, Bruce Brooks Pfeiffer, A.D.A. Edita, Tokyo Co., Ltd, 1985
FWM6 Frank Lloyd Wright: Monograph 1937-1941, vol. 6, Bruce Brooks Pfeiffer, A.D.A. Edita, Tokyo Co., Ltd, 1985
FWM7 Frank Lloyd Wright: Monograph 1942-1950, vol. 7, Bruce Brooks Pfeiffer, A.D.A. Edita, Tokyo Co., Ltd, 1985
FWM8 Frank Lloyd Wright: Monograph 1951-1959, vol. 8, Bruce Brooks Pfeiffer, A.D.A. Edita, Tokyo Co., Ltd, 1985
FWM9 Frank Lloyd Wright: Preliminary Studies 1889-1916, vol. 9, Bruce Brooks Pfeiffer, A.D.A. Edita, Tokyo Co., Ltd, 1985
FWM10 Frank Lloyd Wright: Preliminary Studies 1917-1932, vol. 10, Bruce Brooks Pfeiffer, A.D.A. Edita, Tokyo Co., Ltd, 1985
FWM11 Frank Lloyd Wright: Preliminary Studies 1933-1959, vol. 11, Bruce Brooks Pfeiffer, A.D.A. Edita, Tokyo Co., Ltd, 1985
FWM12 Frank Lloyd Wright: In His Renderings 1887-1959, vol. 12, Bruce Brooks Pfeiffer, A.D.A. Edita, Tokyo Co., Ltd, 1985
MA Modern Architecture since 1900, William J R Curtis, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs (Phaidon Press Ltd., Oxford), New Jersey, 1982
OTAB On The Art of Building in Ten Books, Leon Battista Alberti, translated by Joseph Rykwert, Neil Leach, Robert Tavernor, The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1472.
PGA Simon and Schuster's Pocket Guide to Architecture, Patrick Nuttgens, Simon and Schuster, New York, NY, 1980.
SCEA Santiago Calatrava, Engineering Architecture, Santiago Calatrava, Birkhauser Verlag, Basel-Boston-Berlin, 1990.
SCCW Santiago Calatrava: Complete Works, Sergio Polano, Electa, Milan, 1996
TAFW The Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright: A Complete Catalog, William Allin Storrer, The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA & London, England, 1982
TAI The Autobiography of an Idea, Louis H. Sullivan, Dover Publications, Inc, New York, 1924.
TNH The Natural House, Frank Llyod Wright, New American Library, New York, 1970.
VTBA Vitruvius: The Ten Books on Architecture, Vitruvius, Morris Hicky Morgan, PH.D., LL.D. trans., Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1914

PHILOSOPHY
CWA The Complete Works of Aristotle (in two volumes), by Aristotle (Ed. Jonathan Barnes), Princeton / Bollingen Serries LXXI, 1984
ABW Basic Works of Aristotle, by Aristotle (Richard McKein), Random House, April 1941
A Aristotle, by John Hermann Randall, Jr., Columbia University Press, New York, 1960.
AP Aristotle: Poetics, with the Tracatus Coislinianus, reconstruction of Poetics II, and the fragments of the On Poets, Aristotle (384-322 B.C.), Richard Janko trans., Hackett Publishing Company, Indianapolis / Cambridge, 1987
ACPR Aristotle's Criticism of Plato's Republic, by Robert Mayhew, Rowman & Littlefield, 1997.
ECHU An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, by John Locke (Roger Woolhouse), Penguin Classics, 1689 (1998 reprint)
CUI Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal (1966), Ayn Rand
FNI For the New Intellectual (1961), Ayn Rand
GS Galt's Speech in Atlas Shrugged (1957), Ayn Rand
ITOE Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology (1979), Ayn Rand
OP The Ominous Parallels (1982), Leonard Peikoff
OPAR Objectivism: The Philosophy of Ayn Rand (1991), Leonard Peikoff 
PWNI Philosophy: Who Needs It (1982), Ayn Rand
RM The Romantic Manifesto (1975), Ayn Rand
VOS The Virtue of Selfishness : A New Concept of Egoism (1964), Ayn Rand

PHOTO CREDITS
MW Michael Wilkinson
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1995-2010 by Frederick Gibson + Associates Architecture, San Francisco, California
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